reprint of the Jan/Feb 1986 Bethel Ministries Newsletter

DATES from the Watchtower

by Randall Watters

True, there have been those in times past who predicted an "end to the world," even announcing a specific date. . . The "end" did not come. They were guilty of false prophesying. Why? What was missing?
Missing was the full measure of evidence required in fulfillment of Bible prophecy. Missing from such people were God's truths and the evidence that he was guiding and using them. Awake!, October 8, 1968, p. 23

Often religious movements that claim to be God's exclusive people begin their movement by highlighting very objective truths. It is these very truths which draw the initiates in; yet the same truths are later violated by the group itself. The above quote is such an objective truth which is scripturally and historically correct, yet which has been consistently violated by the very Watchtower Bible and Tract Society which once stated this truth.

The above quote actually reinforces an earlier Watchtower article of May 15, 1930. On page 154 it states: "Since the Bible was completed and `inspiration' is no longer necessary, a true prophet is one who is faithfully proclaiming what is written in the Bible." The magazine went on to say that a true prophet's words will come to pass exactly as prophesied and that if it does not come to pass, the prophet is a false prophet. That same magazine states: "It matters not whether he proclaims his message with deliberate, willful and malicious intent to deceive, or whether he is the blinded and deluded dupe of Satan and hence unwittingly used of him. In either case, he is a false prophet and hence the agent of Satan."

The Watchtower did not hesitate to prophesy, however, and they have the dubious distinction of not having ANY of their prophecies fulfilled in over 100 years. This puts them in a bad light, as they not only claim to be a prophet of God like Jeremiah and Ezekiel (which were certainly inspired), but they claim divine direction upon what is published in the Watchtower. The May 1, 1938 Watchtower p. 143 states, "The interpretation of prophecy, therefore, is not from man, but it is from Jehovah; and Jehovah causes events to come to pass in fulfillment of the prophecy in due time." The July 1, 1943 issue on page 203 states that Jesus Christ "merely uses the servant class to publish the interpretation after the Supreme Court by Christ Jesus reveals it." Vindication III, 1932, p. 250 states, "No doubt [the angels] first hear the instruction which the Lord issues to his remnant and then these invisible messengers pass such instruction on to the remnant. The facts show that the angels of the Lord with him at his temple have been thus rendering service unto the remnant since 1919."

A person rightfully asks, "How is it possible that mistakes have been made in prophetic interpretation if these (abovementioned) claims are true?" Surely Jehovah is capable of mistakefree communication through imperfect men, since he has done so by prophets in the Old and New Testaments.

The Watchtower follows other similar religious groups in providing an alibi for their past record. The alibi usually follows these guidelines:

1. Disappointment due to failure of own prophecies, leading to excuses to save face.

2. May even go so far as to misrepresent their past or change the history books.

3. Followers are discouraged from reading older material on the grounds that it will "weaken their faith."

The Watchtower, previous to 1981, used the excuse that "the light gets brighter and brighter," quoting out of context from Prov. 4:18 in an effort to say that God slowly reveals truth to his people, and truth would become clearer as we near the end of the "system." This is actually employing a halftruth; for while knowledge from God may increase, it certainly would not contradict what was formerly revealed. Interestingly enough, the Watchtower had stated this very point in the Feb. 1881 WT p. 188, but seem to have conveniently forgotten it.

In 1981, the Governing Body developed a second alibi for their prophetic failure. The Watchtower of Dec. 1, 1981, p. 27 says,

However, it may have seemed to some as though that path has not always gone straight forward. At times explanations given by Jehovah's visible organization have shown adjustments, seemingly to previous points of view. But this has not actually been the case. This might be compared to what is known in navigational circles as "tacking." By maneuvering the sails the sailors can cause a ship to go from right to left, back and forth, but all the time making progress toward their destination in spite of contrary winds.

Although this was a scholastically poor alibi, it seemed to soothe the doubts of many in the organization, at least for awhile. But as time went on, more of the Watchtower's past was brought to the fore by critics of the Watchtower, forcing them to take on a new alibi to check dissent within the ranks. This third alibi also followed a predictable technique, with these guidelines:

1. When too much of your past becomes well known, a new approach must be developed justifying false prophecies. Though once admitted to be "prophecies," they now are equated with "overeagerness" or "wrong expectations," toning down the original impact so as to avoid the condemnation due a false prophet, according to the words of Deuteronomy 18:22.

2. Opponents are derided as a decoy and defense mechanism, but without real substance to the accusation. This new type of alibi has now been employed, as shown in this recent statement:

It is easy for the established churches of Christendom and other people to criticize Jehovah's Witnesses because their publications have, at times, stated that certain things could take place on certain dates. But is not such line of action in harmony with Christ's injunction to "keep on the watch"? (Mark 13:37) On the other hand, have Christendom's churches encouraged Christian watchfulness by teaching that the Kingdom is "the ruling of God in our hearts"? Have they not, rather, encouraged spiritual sluggishness by considering expectation of "the end" to be "meaningless" or "an insignificant myth"? Have apostates who claim that "the last days" began at Pentecost and cover the entire Christian Era promoted Christian alertness? Have they not, rather, induced spiritual sleepiness?

True, some expectations that appeared to be backed up by Bible chronology did not materialize at the anticipated time. But is it not far preferable to make some mistakes because of overeagerness to see God's purposes accomplished than to be spiritually asleep as to the fulfillment of Bible prophecy? Did not Moses make a 40-year miscalculation in trying to act ahead of time to remove Israel's affliction? The Watchtower, 12/1/84 p. 18

Now, according to this reasoning, false prophecies are acceptable if their failure is due to an overeagerness to see God's will accomplished. Is that logical? Then, in an effort to shift attention away from such a poor alibi (which would eagerly be used by ANY false prophets), an attack is made on the churches, saying they are worse for not expecting the return of Christ. That this is totally false is obvious to any evangelical Christian. A trip to any Bible bookstore will produce scores of books on endtimes expectations. Finally, a last ditch effort is made to justify their position by trying to make it appear as if Moses and others were guilty of the same thing. Overeagerness, yes; but false prophecy in the name of Jehovah, NO! This smokescreen produced by the Watchtower is certainly a desperate attempt to prevent dissent within the organization, yet many still leave the organization.

The Mother organization wants absolute loyalty at all times. It claims to be a prophet like Ezekiel and Jeremiah (see the Oct. 1,1982 WT p.26, 27). It claims to be the prophet and mouthpiece for Jehovah God, yet refuses to take the responsibility of a prophet. According to Deuteronomy 18:2022, they are false prophets when examined in the light of their own historical record. Would you like a brief review of their record?

The following are just a few of hundreds of prophecies, pronouncements and policies of the Watchtower Bible & Tract Society over the years. Judge for yourself if the light has really gotten "brighter and brighter" over the years, and especially note the comparison references in brackets. These will refer you to their former view. "WT" stands for The Watchtower magazine.

Use of Blood

1909 Acts 15:135 (including prohibition on blood) not considered as a law for Christians. WT REPRINTS 1909, p. 4374.

1945 Denunciation of blood transfusions as pagan and God-dishonoring. WT, July 1, 1945, p. 198201.

1961 Taking a blood transfusion is grounds for disfellowshipping. WT, 1961, p. 63, 64.

Donating organs (eyes) for transplant up to your conscience. WT, 1961, p. 480.

1963 Any fraction of blood considered as a nutrient not to be used in medical treatment. WT, Feb. 15, 1963, p. 124. (See also Awake! of Feb. 22, 1975, p. 30.)

1967 Organ transplants are a form of cannibalism and to be shunned. WT, Nov. 15, 1967, p. 702704. [compare 1961]

1977 Blood transfusions are organ transplants: "...many a person might decline blood simply because it is essentially an organ transplant that at best is only partially compatible with his own blood." Jehovah's Witnesses and the Question of Blood," 1977, p. 41. [compare 1961]

1978 Ban on certain blood fractions lifted for hemophiliacs. WT, June 15, 1978, p. 30. [compare 1963]

1980 Organ transplants are a matter of conscience, decided by the individual. WT, March 15, 1980, p. 31. [compare 1967, 1977]

1984 Accepting a bone marrow transplant is up to your conscience. WT May 15, 1984, p. 31.

Prophecy & Inspiration

1844-1874 Marks the "tarrying" (delaying) of Christ (Matt. 25:5). WT REPRINTS, Oct. 1879, p. 3941.

1873 6000 years of man's existence ends this year. WT REPRINTS, Apr. 1880, p. 88.

1878 Gospel era closed-saints to be raptured to heavenThree Worlds, p. 8593. (In 1881 Russell developed explanation of invisible rapture occurring at death of the saints individually.)

1878 The autumn of 1874 to 1878 corresponds with 3 1/2 years of Christ's ministry on earth. A "sifting out" is occurring among those who don't accept 1878 as the coming of the Bridegroom. WT, Oct. 1879, p. 3941. Division between the "wise & foolish virgins" was over the 1874 date of the return of the bridegroom. WT REPRINTS April 1880, p.88.

1880 Restoration of Jews to Palestine and the conversion of 144,000 literal Jews due before 1914. WT June 1880, p. 108. In 1914 the kingdom of God will be set up on earth and destroy all earthly kingdoms. WT REPRINTS Aug. 1880, p. 124.

1799 was the beginning of "time of the end". 1260 years of Papal supremacy ended in 1798 with the dethroning of the Pope, and the release of the "Two Witnesses" of Rev. 11:3 (Old and New Testaments). WT REPRINTS, April 1880, p. 87.

1883 God placed the Great Pyramid in Egypt. WT REPRINTS, Sept. 1883, p. 525.

1885 The "signs in sun, moon and stars" of Matthew 24:29 had their fulfillment in two mysterious events that occurred in 1780 and 1833. WT REPRINTS, Jan. 1885, p. 711.

1891 "With the end of A.D. 1914, what God calls Babylon, and what men call Christendom, will have passed away, as already shown from prophecy." Thy Kingdom Come, p. 153.

1914 End of Gentile Times; Church to be taken home in a rapture; this year marks the farthest end of the rule of imperfect man. The Time Is At Hand, C.T. Russell, 1908, p. 77. [compare 1878]

1917 "Also, in the year 1918, when God destroys the churches wholesale and the church members by millions, it shall be that any that escape shall come to the works of Pastor Russell to learn the meaning of the downfall of Christianity." The Finished Mystery, p. 485. [compare 1891]

1919 Significance of 1874 date proved by measurements of the Tabernacle. WT May 15, 1919, p. 159.

1920 "Therefore we may confidently expect that 1925 will mark the return of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the faithful prophets of old, particularly those named by the Apostle in Hebrews chapter eleven, to the condition of human perfection." Millions Now Living Will Never Die, p. 89,90.

1922 Rutherford: "Fulfilled prophecy shows beyond a doubt that (Christ) did appear in 1874. Fulfilled prophecy is otherwise designated the physical facts; and these facts are indisputable." The time of the end is from 1799 to 1914. "We understand that the jubilee type began to count in 1575 B.C.; and the 3,500 year period embracing the type must end in 1925... It follows, then, that the year 1925 will mark the beginning of the restoration of all things lost by Adam's disobedience." WT Nov. 1, 1922, p. 333, 346. [compare 1880]

1923 "Our thought is, that 1925 is definitely settled by the scriptures. As to Noah, the Christian now has much more upon which to base his faith than Noah had upon which to base his faith in a coming deluge." WT April 1, 1923, p. 106.

1925 "With great expectations Christians have looked forward to this year. Many have confidently expected that all members of the body of Christ will be changed to heavenly glory during this year. This may be accomplished. It may not be... Christians should not be so deeply concerned about what may transpire this year." WT Jan. 1, 1925, p. 3. [compare 1923]

(September) "It is to be expected that SATAN will try to inject into the minds of the consecrated the thought that 1925 should see an end to the work." WT Sept. 1925, p. 262. [What did we just say about 1925?]

1928 Since the death of the apostles, "...the gospel of the kingdom of God and of his Christ was not preached until after 1918 A.D." WT Dec. 1, 1928, p. 364.

Great Pyramid built under direction of Satan; not Jehovah. WT, 1928, p. 339345, 355362. [compare 1883]

1935 The time period from 1914 until Armageddon is the "great tribulation." WT August 15, 1935, p. 246, 251.

1936 Any who reject message of JWs after 1918, plus all small children who might die at Armageddon, will have no hope of a resurrection. Consolation, 6 May 1936, p. 508; WT 1938, p. 133, 313, 314, 326, 376, 327; 1939, p. 170.

1940 "The witness work for the Theocracy appears to be about done in most of the countries of "Christendom"...(we are) anxiously and watchfully waiting for the appearance of the sign for the battle (Armageddon) to begin." WT Sept. 1, 1940, p. 265.

1941 We are "in the remaining months before Armageddon." WT Sept. 15, 1941, p. 288.

1943 How prophecy is revealed: "...Christ Jesus, the court's official mouthpiece of interpretation, reserves to himself that office as Head of Jehovah's "faithful and wise servant" class. He merely uses the "servant" class to publish the interpretation after the Supreme Court by Christ Jesus reveals it." WT July 1, 1943, p. 203.

1950 "Princes" not to be resurrected until after Armageddon. Divine Purpose, p. 252, 253. [compare 1920]

1951 Prophecies of Daniel 12:712 all now fulfilled. "There are those who may think it strange that these 2500-year-old prophecies are now receiving fulfillment in a few short years. But we must realize that they must come to pass sometime, and why not now?" WT July 15, 1951, p. 433434.

1965 Resurrection will include people of Tyre and Sidon, and Sodom and Gomorrah; as well as most who die before Armageddon, even if having heard the message of Jehovah's Witnesses. WT, March 1, 1965, p. 137142. [compare 1936]

1966 "According to this trustworthy Bible chronology, 6000 years from man's creation will end in 1975, and the seventh period of 1000 years of human history will begin in the fall of 1975." Life Everlasting, p. 29 [compare 1873]. Adam & Eve were created in 4026 BC. WT May 1, 1968, p. 271.

1968 "True, there have been those in times past who predicted an `end to the world,' even announcing a specific date... The `end' did not come. They were guilty of false prophecying.... Missing from such people were God's truths and the evidence that he was guiding and using them." Awake!, Oct. 8, 1968, p. 23. [compare 1880, 1891, 1914, 1917, 1920, 1941, 1966]

1976 Armageddon will come after the time period corresponding with the time between Adam's creation and Eve's creation. WT July 1976, p. 436. [compare 1966]

1980 Three members of Governing body propose that the "generation" of people that would see Armageddon be adjusted to those who witnessed the beginning of the space age (referring to Matt. 24:29). These would be those who witnessed 1957, with the orbit of the first sputnik. Proposal rejected. Crisis of Conscience, Raymond Franz, 1983, p. 218220. [compare 1885]

1981 The gospel preached by JWs since 1918 (about the enthronement of Christ in 1914) is a new gospel not preached during all the centuries past. WT May 1, 1981, p. 17.

1984 Though we had false expectations in times past, who can blame us for being overanxious? "It is easy for the established churches of Christendom and other people to criticize Jehovah's Witnesses because their publications have, at times, stated that certain things could take place on certain dates. But is not such line of action in harmony with Christ's injunction to `keep on the watch'?" "Is it not far preferable to make some mistakes because of overeagerness to see God's purposes accomplished...?" WT Dec. 1, 1984, p. 1618. [comp. 1968 statement]

Organizational Statements

1883 "We always refuse to be called by any other name than that of our Head. Christians continually claiming that there can be no division among those continually led by his Spirit and example as made known through his Word." WT REPRINTS, March, p. 458.

"For the same reasons that Jesus did not organize congregations while present with his disciples in the Jewish harvest, we do not consider expedient or necessary organizations even simple and unsectarian as those established by the apostles." WT REPRINTS, Oct. 1883, p. 536.

1893 View of enforcing doctrinal beliefs: "The endeavor to compel all men to think alike on all subjects, culminated in the great apostasy and the development of the great Papal system; and thereby the `gospel,' the `one faith,' which Paul and the other apostles set forth, was lostburied under the mass of uninspired decrees of popes and councils. The union of the early church, based upon the simple gospel and bound only by love, gave place to the bondage of the church of Romea slavery of God's children, from the degradation of which multitudes are still weak and suffering." WT REPRINTS, 1893, p. 1572.

1895 Elders to be elected to office by popular vote in all congregations. WT REPRINTS, 1895 p. 1891.

1913 Rejection of all developed theology in church history, "just use the Bible." WT REPRINTS, 1913, p. 5156.

1917 The Lord's Word does not authorize a court (judicial body) of elders. What Pastor Russell Said, Jones, p. 479, 480.

1920 "We would not refuse to treat one as a brother because he did not believe the Society is the Lord's channel." "If others see it in a different way, that is their priviledge. There should be full liberty of conscience." WT April 1, 1920, p. 100, 101.

1925 Arius, Waldo, John Wycliffe, and Martin Luther were part of God's organization. WT May 15, 1925, p. 149.

1929 New view of Romans 13:17 where Jehovah and Jesus are identified as the "higher powers," which enabled JWs to disregard secular authorities as having power over them. WT 1929, June 1 & 15.

BethSarim (House of the Princes) began to be built for habitation by the now-due resurrected "princes," such as Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The New World, p. 104.

1930 Dissenting Bible Students classified as "Evil Servants (slaves)" and identified with the "man of perdition," would be destroyed. WT 1930, p. 275281. [compare 1920]

1931 New name of "Jehovah's Witnesses" accepted to distinguish themselves from dissenters. WT 1931, p. 278, 279. [compare 1883]

1932 Abolition of elected elders in congregations, since office of elder is now "unscriptural." Company Servants chosen to take over elder's duties (This was a political move to strip the power of the elders; as was their new understanding of Rev. 7:1317. According to this new view, the "elders" are the 144,000; not men in pastoral positions). WT Sept. 1, 1932, p. 259262. [compare 1895]

How the "remnant" is directed: "These angels are invisible to human eyes and are there to carry out the orders of the Lord. No doubt they first hear the instruction which the Lord issues to his remnant and then these invisible messengers pass such instruction on to the remnant." Vindication III, p. 250.

Jews no longer viewed as important to God; Romans chapter 11 given a symbolic interpretation. JWs are the only "Israel of God." Vindication Book II by J. F. Rutherford, 1932, p. 257258. [compare 1880 under Prophecy section]

1933 Hard line on view of organization: "Some claiming to be fully devoted to Jehovah find it difficult to learn to be obedient to organization instructions...If you find it difficult to be in harmony with the organization instructions, that is sufficient reason for a careful selfexamination to see what is your standing before the Lord....angels are delegated by the Lord to convey his instructions to the members of his organization on earth. Just how this is done is not necessary for us to understand." WT December 1, 1933, p. 364. [compare 1893]

1934 "All who have taken their stand on the side of Jehovah must abide in his organization under Christ, if they would live. There is no exception to this rule." "The name `Jehovah's witnesses' applies specifically to God's anointed ones who have been taken out of the world and made witnesses for Jehovah, and these alone bear the new name...The official organization of Jehovah on earth consists of his anointed remnant, and the Jonadabs who walk with the anointed are to be taught, but not to be leaders." WT August 15, 1934, p. 249. [compare 1883]

Vindication of Jehovah's name now more important than God's love to man through Christ. Jehovah, 1934, p. 320.

1935 Saluting flags or singing national anthems banned. Divine Purpose, p. 143, 144.

1942 All Watchtower literature now published anonymously, to depersonalize it and to prevent checking the author's credentials.

1946 Circuit (semiannual) assemblies instituted. Divine Purpose, p. 216.

1948 District (annual) assemblies instituted. Ibid., p. 237238.

1954 "In view of its unbreakable connection with the Christian theocratic organization, the Bible is organization-minded and it cannot be fully understood without our having the theocratic organization in mind...All the sheep of God's flock must be organization-minded, like the Bible." WT Sept. 1, 1954, p. 529. [compare 1883, 1893]

1960 Explanation of Rev. 22: "Trees" are the anointed remnant; "leaves" are "the organizational arrangements made through the anointed remnant." Water of life from organization got deeper and deeper following 1919 until by 1931 you could barely swim through it. WT July 15, 1960, p. 439441.

1962 Reversal of view of "higher powers" of Romans 13; these are now worldly governments. WT, Nov. 15, p. 681695. [compare 1929]

1972 The pre-1932 system of Elders and Deacons to be restored, but no longer elected. They would now be recommended locally and chosen by the headquarters. Also, a body of elders (not just one) would preside in each congregation. WT, 1971, p. 695701. [compare 1932]

1981 You must "come to the organization for salvation." WT Nov. 15, 1981, p. 21.

"Faithful Slave" Teaching

1874 Entering age of Laodicean church, Russell is messenger or "angel" of that church. WT REPRINTS, 1918, p. 6212. Russell also identified as "man with inkhorn" of Ezekiel chapter 9 (The Laodicean Messenger, p. 150).

1878 Christ Jesus is present & assumed office of King, choosing a "servant" on earth to represent him. WT REPRINTS, 1906, page 3811.

1881 "Faithful & wise servant" pictures 144,000. WT REPRINTS 1881, p. 291.

1895 Russell identified by his wife as "faithful slave", printed in WT. WT REPRINTS, 1906, p. 3811. [compare 1881]

1922 "There is no one in present truth today who can honestly say that he received a knowledge of the divine plan from any source other than by the ministry of Brother Russell, either directly or indirectly." C.T. Russell was the "faithful and wise servant" of Matthew 24:45. "Then to repudiate him and his work is equivalent to a repudiation of the Lord..." WT May 1, 1922, p. 132. [compare 1881]

1927 "Faithful & Wise Servant" is not Russell but remnant of 144,000 on earth. WT 1927, p. 5157. [compare 1922]

1971 "Governing Body" chosen to rule over the organization as the "representative" of the "faithful and discreet slave" class. WT, 1971, p. 755762. [compare 1893]

Heavenly & Earthly Classes

1878 Harvest of "elect" (144,000) to last until 1881; door to be closed forever in 1914. WT REPRINTS 1881 p. 224; 1880, p. 172.

1880 Church only in Abrahamic Covenant, NOT New Covenant, which was not for the Church at all. WT REPRINTS 1909, p. 4370, 4371.

1881 Russell indicates Church is under New Covenant. WT REPRINTS, 1881, p. 283. [compare 1880]

Door closed to further ingathering for the Bride Class. WT REPRINTS 1881, p. 224, 288, 289.

1882 Doors to heaven closed; new converts will live on earth: "But while we still would urge justified believers (who have never yet consecrated) to now consecrate their time and powers to God's service, we cannot hold out as a hope, the heavenly prize. We point such to the same prize for which Abraham and all prior to Jesus ran, viz.: future earthly blessings." WT REPRINTS, July 1882, p. 377.

1883 "Great Company" (Great Crowd) is a secondary heavenly class: "...though the "great company" will be the companions of the Bride, spiritual beings, (Psa. 45:14; Rev. 7:15) there will be a very great difference in the degrees of glory." WT REPRINTS, March 1883, p. 458. [compare 1882]

1897 "Great Crowd" (Company) are those who are of a heavenly class but who have been less than faithful; they must go through trials in the great Tribulation, but will be saved to heaven out of it. The majority of this "great company" are living now. WT REPRINTS, 1897, p. 2161.

1906 "Doctrine of the Mystery" developed that includes 144,000 as co-mediators with Christ; members of Church could not yet be in the New Covenant, because body of Christ not complete (completion set for 1914). WT REPRINTS, 1906, p. 3824, 3825; 1907 p. 3917; 1909 p. 4371. [compare 1881]

1907 Christ is not the Mediator for 144,000, as they do not need a mediator and can have a direct relationship with the Fatheronly needed for those who live during Millenial Kingdom (on earth). Saints will be Mediators as well. WT REPRINTS 1907, p. 3916-3917.

1909 Several hundred leave organization over the "New Covenant" issue about having Christ as their Mediator. James Parkinson, "The Bible Student Movement in the Days of Pastor Russell", P4.

1918 Door is closed to membership in the bride of Christ about Passover of this year. There will be a spiritual famine until 1925, when the ancient worthies are resurrected. [compare 1878] WT Aug. 1, 1918, p.232.

1933 Only the "remnant" properly partake of the bread of communion; others cannot "show forth his death and participate in his joy, which is common only to those who are in unity with Christ and Jehovah." The "Jonadabs" can go doortodoor, though. WT March 15, 1933, p. 90.

1935 "Temple" in heaven was cleansed by Jesus Christ in 1932, which paved the way for an understanding of Rev. 7:13,14 and the new identity of the "Great Multitude." The dates of 1918 (coming of Christ to the temple) and 1932 (temple cleansed) are the key building blocks to identifying the "Great Multitude" as an earthly class. "The great multitude, therefore, could not come into existence until the Lord Jesus Christ appeared at the temple and began his judgement, and therefore the great multitude could not appear prior to 1918." WT August 1, 1935, p. 233, 234, 236. [compare 1883, 1897]

1938 New Covenant only applies to "anointed," "Other Sheep" do not have Christ as their Mediator. They are not spirit-begotten (bornagain). WT 1938, p. 7072. "If one is a Jonadab, he is not in Christ; and if he is not in Christ he cannot share in the death and resurrection of Christ. Therefore it would be improper for him to partake of the Memorial emblems." "In the temple, that is, the secret place of the Lord, he instructs his anointed as to the meaning of the prophecies now being fulfilled..." WT March 1, 1938, p. 74, 75.

"The Jonadabs...(are) not even justified, because the receiving of life everlasting depends upon their faithful obedience within God's organization and faithfully abiding there until the wrath of God is passed at Armageddon." WT April 1, 1938, p. 104.

1943 Unleavened bread of Lord's Supper represents the Church with Christ (head and body). WT, March 1, 1943, p. 71.

1956 Unleavened bread now represents the literal body of Christ alone (not including the Church). WT, Jan. 15, 1956, p. 49.

1979 Jesus is not the mediator for the "other sheep" (Also mentioned in AID book, 1966). WT April 1, 1979, p. 31. [compare 1907]

1985 New effort at utilizing Christian lingo by trying to picture "other sheep" as justified, sort of. Other Sheep accounted "relatively guiltless, when compared to the majority of mankind alienated from God." a "degree of righteousness is credited to them." They are "not already declared righteous for life", but "need additional help, or steps to be taken." WT Dec. 1, 1985, p. 1418.

Disfellowshipping

1952 Disfellowshipping arrangement laid out. Not to even say a greeting to disfellowshipped ones. "Those who are acquainted with the situation in the congregation should never say `Hello' or `Goodby' to him. He is not welcome in our midst, we avoid him." WT March 1, 1952, p. 141.

1955 Associating with a disfellowshipped person is grounds for disfellowshipping for a Baptised JW. WT 1955, p. 607.

1972 (January) Homosexuality and bestiality not grounds for divorce. If you divorce under such conditions, you lay yourself open to adultery and will be disfellowshipped. WT Jan. 1, 1972, p. 32.

(Decem.) ALL types of illicit sexual intercourse are grounds for divorce, including the abovementioned acts. WT December 15, 1972, p. 767, 768.

1974 Rules of conduct for married couples in bed laid out under threat of disfellowshipping. WT November 15, 1974, p. 704. See also WT of 1974 pages 160, 484486.

Disfellowshipped ones not to be treated with unnecessary cruelty; especially members of one's family or those in obvious hardship situations. Don't want to be like Pharisees who walked on the other side of the road. WT Aug. 1, 1974, p. 467. [compare 1952]

1978 Bedroom rules not to be enforced by elders; publishers not to be intimidated or spied on any more; though the banned practices are still wrong. WT Feb. 15, 1978, p. 32.

1981 Hard line taken against any disfellowshipped or disassociated person. Even if they are members of one's own family, they are to be shunned except in the most necessary functions of life. WT Sept. 15, 1981, p. 2631 under "If a Relative is Disfellowshipped." [compare 1974]

1985 Those who abandon the organization are part of the `antichrist' and 2 John 911 applies to them as well, not just those who promote false doctrine. We are not even to say a greeting to such ones. WT July 15, 1985, p. 3031.